Self Sustainable Wireless Sensor Network for Agriculture
Agriculture plays a vital role in India’s economy. Over 58 per cent of the rural households depend on
agriculture as their principal means of livelihood. Agriculture contributes to 17% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
in Indian economy. Most of the rural farmers rely on improper farming practices. With the water requirement in
the farming, there is a need of irrigation system that can save water. Super flaws irrigation leaches nutritive element of
soil as water seeps down due to gravitational force of earth. It also causes water logging, so irrigation need a constant
monitoring. The improvement in irrigation system using wireless network is a solution to achieve water conservation as
well as improvement in irrigation practices. The dissertation aims to implement sensor based irrigation system through
wireless sensor networks. The objective of this project is to control the flow of water in pipe with the help of soil moisture
sensor. Depending on the need of plant or crop water will be supplied automatically by implementing a carbon
nano tube based low cost soil sensor design. Thus system is providing self-sustainable wireless sensor network for plant
irrigation. This irrigation allows farmer to reduce run-off from over-water in saturated soil and also reduces water
wastage and in effect improve the crop yield by ensuring adequate water supply when needed.
Keywords - Carbon nanotube. nodemcu, Ardiuno, Zeegbee, Gpio.