Paper Title
A Comparative Study of Prevalence of Postnatal Depression in Mothers with Normal Versus Caesarean Delivery

- Background: Postnatal depression (PND) is a form of clinical depression related to pregnancy and childbirth. The EPDS is a valuable and efficient way of identifying patients at risk for PPD. The present study was conducted to compare the level of depression among LSCS and vaginal delivery in postpartum women. Methods: Comparative study was conducted for a period of 3 months at Tertiary care center among postnatal mothers with normal & caesarean delivery. Prevalence was studied using Edinburgh postnatal depression scale score. 40 subjects undergoing Normal delivery and 40 subjects undergoing LSCS were included in the study by convenient sampling technique. Data was analyzed using SPSS 22 version software. Categorical data was represented in the form of Frequencies and proportions. Chi-square test was used as test of significance for qualitative data. p value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Majority of subjects in both the groups were in the age group 20 to 30 years and majority of subjects were in multipara in both the groups. Conclusion: Prevalence of postnatal depression measured by EPDS scale was high in caesarean sections compared to normal deliveries. In Normal delivery group, 27.5% of subjects had postnatal depression and in Caesarean group, 55% of subjects had postnatal depression. There was significant difference in prevalence of postnatal depression between two groups. Keywords - Postnatal Depression, Normal Delivery, Caesarean Delivery