Life Cycle Assessment of Canned Fish Production in Thailand
The purpose of this study is to assess environmental performance of canned fish production of a factory in Samut Sakhon, Thailand, based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). An LCA application, SimaPro , was used for the study with CML 2 baseline 2000 method, which covers ten impact categories, including acidification potential (AP), ozone layer depletion potential (ODP), abiotic depletion potential (ADP), global warming potential (GWP), eutrophication potential (EP), photo-chemical oxidant formation potential (POFP), freshwater aquatic ecosystem potential (HTP). Results showed that human toxicity, marine aquatic ecotoxicity, global warming, freshwater aquatic ecotoxicity, and terrestrial ecotoxicity were found to have the greatest environmental impacts when compared with all other categories. Steam and tinplate consumption have the highest overall impact percentages of 55% and 43%, respectively.
Keywords - Life cycle assessment (LCA), Environmental impacts, canned fish production