Development of Innovative and Competitive Technology of Glucose Production form Agro-industrial Plant Wastes Using Enzymes of Exstremophilic Microorganisms
In recent years great attention is paid to the effective use of natural renewable resources. Microorganisms are capable to produce high-value products from agro-industrial wastes. Like other developing countries, Georgia has the opportunity to use local low-cost or commercially wasted wastes to produce various valuable products. In particular, the plant raw material is an undefined renewable source of glucose. The main component of plant biopolymers - cellulose, which is 60% of the total plant biomass, can be transformed by enzymatic hydrolyses to glucose. This process is one of the most important among other technological
From the Durmishidze Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology collection of basidial fungi, strains have been selected that are able to utilize lignin up to 50% in a very short - 10 days period.
Among the culture collections of Durmishidze Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology there are microscopic fungi isolated from different ecological niches of Georgia out of which about 300 strains are extremophilic and the best producers of cellulases. As a result of project implementation hemicellulase producer active thermophilic strains will be selected from the collection of the extremophilic fungi. Xylanase producer strains which are characterized by low cellulase activity have the potential of application for effective pretreatment of cellulosic wastes by removing a large part of hemicellulose substrate. Further, highly active high temperature resistant cellulase preparations will be selected for efficient hydrolysis of pretreated cellulose to glucose.
Keywords - Thermophilic, Hydrolysis, Strains, Carbohydrolases, Enzyme.