Paper Title
Study And Application Of Solar Panel In An Environmental Engineering

Solar cells produce direct current electricity from sun light which can be used to power equipment or to recharge a battery. The first practical application of photovoltaic was to power orbiting satellites and other spacecraft, but nowadays, the majority of photovoltaic modules are used for grid connected power generation. In this case an inverter is required to convert the DC to AC. There is a smaller market for off-grid power for remote dwellings, boats, recreational vehicles, electric cars, roadside emergency telephones, remote sensing, and cathodic protection of pipelines. Solar panels are clean energy systems which can cut down the pollution problem and still give the opportunity to generate a reliable source of potable water. Scarcity of water and quality of water have long been a concern for many people in the world. Population is increasing on an exponential scale which leads to a greater need for water reserves. Also with the large population increase there is more pollution emitted into the environment contaminating many streams, lakes, and rivers. Contaminated water can carry different types of waterborne diseases. Hence, this study covers working of solar cells in detail for it to be used in water purification. Keywords— Photovoltaic (PV), Working of solar cell, Types of solar panel with application.