Cognitive Reappraisal: A Strategy in Overcoming Depression
There has been a significant increase in the incidences of depression among young adults. More so, emotional regulation has also been identified as a significant correlate of the concept. The present study therefore investigated the effect of two emotional regulation strategies, (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) on depressive symptoms. Cross-sectional design was used for the study. The participants completed two questionnaires (Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale). Following the ethical approval of the study by Sunway University, a total of 400 participants aged 18 to 28 years (Mage = 24.37) from the Klang Valley in Malaysia completed the questionnaire. The results revealed significant gender difference, with higher mean scores for males on expressive suppression [t(398) = 3.91, p = .001]. Furthermore, the study indicated that depressive symptoms was negatively correlated with cognitive reappraisal and positively related with expressive suppression. The study also revealed that though expressive suppression induces the vulnerability to depression, however, cognitive reappraisal generating benign on a stressful situation reduced distress. The discovery additionally suggests that the frequent utilization of cognitive reappraisals regardless of the circumstances encountered could help young adults diminish depressive symptoms.
Keywords— Cognitive Reappraisal, Expressive Suppression, Depression.