An Experimental Study On Friction Stir Welding Of Aa 5083 And Aa 6063 Aluminium Alloys - A Review
Friction Stir Welding, a solid-state joining technique, is widely being used for joining similar and dissimilar
metals for aerospace, marine and automotive applications. FSW can provide better mechanical properties in the weld zone
compared to other conventional welding techniques. AA 5083 and AA 6063 plates of 5mm thickness have been considered
for welding of the joints. The main objective of this article is to find the optimum parameters for butt joint made of AA 5083
and AA 6063. The major process parameters like rotation speed (800, 1200 and 1600 rpm), welding speed (20, 50 and 80
mm/min) and tool tilt angle (0°, 1° and 2°) at three levels each are considered for the present study. The work has been
carried out to study the effect of process parameters on the mechanical properties i.e., UTS, yield strength and hardness and
metallurgical properties like SEM and X-ray of the joints. Optimization of mechanical properties with respect to ANOVA
and a compared to metallurgical structure of weldments.
Keywords- Aluminium Alloys, Friction Stir Welding, mechanical properties, metallurgical properties, ANOVA.