Corrosion Behavior Comparison of Austenitic Stainless Steel 304l and 316l in Aqueous Sodium Chloride Solution by Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Corrosion behavior of austenitic stainless steels 304L and 316L types in various concentrations of aqueous sodium
chloride solutions were investigated related to its pitting corrosion resistance. Experimental testing method was carried out
by using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) at room temperature (27oC) to evaluate the change of corrosion
mechanism based on its polarization resistance and capacitive impedance. Aqueous sodium chloride solutions were prepared
with various concentration i.e. 1%, 2%, 3.5% , 4% and 5% w.t. The testing results which were represented by Nyquist graphs
and electrochemical equivalent circuits showed that the impedance magnitudes of austenitic stainless steels which indicated
its corrosion resistance were influenced by sodium chloride concentrations and the chemical composition of alloys of 304 L
and 316 L respectively. Rank of impedance magnitude of 304L and 316L at various chloride concentrations from the highest
to the lowest were 1%, 2%, 5%, 4%, 3,5% w.t NaCl consecutively. It was observed that the lowest corrosion resistance of
both alloys was at 3,5% w.t NaCl which was similar to typical seawater solution. This was caused by the presence of
maximum dissolved oxygen solubility. SS 316L has higher impedance magnitude compared to SS 304L at all
concentrations of aqueous sodium chloride solution.
Keywords- Austenitic SS 304L, SS 316L, Corrosion Behavior, Pitting Corrosion Resistance, NaCl aqueous solution,
Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy.